Climate change and global environmental impacts are becoming more rampant and common nowadays. In the event of these occurrences, nature is struggling to keep up with human activities that bring dreadful long-term effects. One of the signifiers of this phenomenon is the life cycles of flora and fauna. The trees in your backyard are heavily affected by the changes in the environment. Sometimes, they struggle and eventually die. How can you tell that your tree is dead? Watch out for these signs.
Damaged root system
Dead trees have damaged root systems. Since roots bring a lot of the things that a tree needs to survive, a damaged or even decaying roots can say that your tree is not alive anymore. It’s not getting its needs from the roots and as per its death, the damaged root system is a side effect of the dying tree. Damaged roots also make a tree structure weak. So if your tree is leaning too low, looking like it will fall any time soon, it might be dead already.
Trees get sick too. Like animals and humans, a tree without proper protection and treatment can succumb to diseases that will wallow it to its death. Is your tree home to many critters and pests? Is there a significant and dense population of insects swarming and causing an infestation? These factors can contribute to the sick state of the tree. Visual signs of a dead tree can include damage spots and deep wounds. If your tree looks butchered, there’s a high chance it’s not alive anymore.
Fungal growth and presence
Fungal growth is normal for many trees. However, too much of it can cause sickness to a tree. If your tree is shrouded from roots to trunk with fungi, there’s a high chance it's breaking down and decomposing inside. A rotten tree in its core is already dead. If you’re not sure with the case, do a scratch test. Beneath a layer of bark, a cambium layer is present. In a live tree, it is colour green, in a dead one, it’s colour brown and it’s dry.
Absence of bark
A dying tree will shed barks in gradual frequencies. Because of its declining health, the barks become loose and they shed off and will fall to the ground. In a dead tree, if there are big spots with the absence of bark, then there’s a high chance that the tree is dead. They start with deep cracks in the trunk that can go all the way to the core, once the barks are loose, they will fail to protect the tree and shed off.
Bare branches in budding season
Trees have their season to bloom and grow. The foliage of trees should grow in volume in its peak season. If the branches of your tree aren’t sporting as many leaves, or have no leaves at all when they should be, they might be dead already. Check the canopy of the trees to make sure that they are growing leaves or flowers. A bare tree might be sick and dying, or more realistically, dead.
Some of the trees that die give off a foul smell after. The smell comes from either the decomposition and decay of the tree or its slow degradation due to insect and pest infestation. Though it might not apply for all, if your trees give off an unusual smell that wasn’t there before, call your arborist to inspect it. You can still treat it only if it's sick, or you can choose to let it go when there’s no point in keeping it.
A dead tree gives off warning signs as much as sick trees do. Sometimes, the signs overlap, and you need to remove the tree already. If you want to consult about the health of your tree in the garden or the health of your plants and shrubs in the landscape, it's best to call your local arborist to get the job done.
Team up with Trees Down Under for your garden needs!
Trees Down Under has extensive experience to deal with your garden and your trees, dead or alive. If you’re looking for trusted knowledge and unparalleled experience to assure the health and aesthetics of your landscape, you can count on us. We will work with you in keeping your trees and plants well. We can also work with you in dealing with a dead tree that doesn’t bring joy in your sight anymore. Don’t hesitate to contact us!
Trees are a beautiful part of any landscape. They add life and vigour to any surrounding and they serve as home to other smaller forms of life. However, the opposite is true. A sick tree can be a source of problem and concern to any green thumb and they can turn dangerous for any surrounding too. Check your trees to make sure that they are still healthy and growing well. A sick tree will give you major and noticeable indications for you to check.
Trees that are sick or stricken with disease may exhibit brittle barks. Barks start to fall more frequently and loose shards of wood plague the surroundings of the tree. Brittle barks contribute to a weakening state of the tree which follows to a more fragile tree. If your tree has deep cavities and crevices that may result in a loose wood slab eventually, your tree may be sick.
Deep cracks in the trunk
Inspect the trunk of your tree. Any major cracks indicate that the tree is slowly disintegrating within. Although it’s normal for tree trunks to have cracks, deep cracks that go beyond the barks of the trunk can mean that your tree is not well. Call your local arborist to treat the tree if that happens.
Another sign of a diseased tree is the abundance of deadwood. Trees have a normal level of deadwood, but if you notice that more deadwood is present as time passes by, examine the tree to mitigate its sickness. Do a scratch test to the branch. If the inside of the wood is brown and dry, it’s deadwood. Prune it.
Decaying spots show that a tree is sick. This means that other symptoms might be present to your tree too. Check the roots first for any decaying spots as this area tends to experience the decaying occurrence first before any other parts of the tree. Then, check the trunk. If there are wounds in the trunk, a decay may likely occur the following days or months.
Pest, insect or critter infestations
Infestations result from decays and rots in the tree. A decaying tree or rotting root can attract pests and insects. However, this could also mean the other way around. Infestations from insects or critters contribute to the faster decay and degrade of the tree. Either way, it makes the tree sick. Call professional help to improve the situation.
The same manner with infestations, fungus growth is a symptom of a dying tree. More fungus or fungi will grow and take over the tree, making it sicker and more brittle. This leads to the eventual degrading of the tree. Fungal tree disease weakens the tree and usually leads to a dying tree, but to treat the tree and restore its health, call your tree expert.
Changing colour or discolouration
Leaves and flowers from trees have a specific normal colour depending on the species and kind. Any changes in colour and discolouration mean that the tree is not growing well, thereby affecting the colour of the growing foliage and flowers.
Lacking foliage or less foliage volume
Trees grow a certain volume of leaves that are normal for its kind. Lacking foliage indicates a less dense volume. This results in a lack of leaves. If your tree is experiencing insufficient nutrient or sun dose, it might grow into a sick tree. Inspect the canopy first to know if there is a normal level of foliage present. Check with your arborist to find out what’s wrong.
A trunk supports the tree in any landscape or environment. If the trunk is leaning, it indicates that the tree is not strong enough and will fall or collapse. This can result from many things like decay and infestations. See the trunk of the tree. If it’s supporting the tree well, the trunk is still strong enough to raise the tree.
Other signs of a sick tree can be mistaken for its nature and characteristics. As such, one of the ways you can check the health of a tree is through the soil. It is one of the biggest indicators of a sick tree. Dry soil means the tree is receiving less water. The root system of a tree is heavily affected by any soil disturbance too. Look at your soil regularly to find out if your tree is still healthy.
A sick tree exhibits warning signs and symptoms. As a tree owner, it is your responsibility to check these aspects from time to time to make sure that your tree is healthy and living well. Any sign that gives you a red warning can put your tree in danger and eventual death. This can cause you more issues in the long-run. Contact your arborist to have a checkup from time to time.
Team up with Trees Down Under for your garden needs!
We are Trees Down Under and we give you tree services. We know that flora needs constant care and attention every time. If you don’t have the time to do these, we are here to give you our expertise. You aren’t alone in taking care of the precious greens in your backyard. Don’t hesitate to contact us!
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To many homeowners who have the time, doing the gardening in their backyard is a relaxing activity. It allows them to take a break from their busy lives by doing something at their own pace. Moreover, communing with nature is also a great way to boost mood and mental health.
One gardening activity that is healthy and beneficial is planting trees. If you think your garden lacks a vertical aspect, adding trees will be a good idea. Not only can trees beautify your garden and improve your curb appeal, but they can also offer you shade, fresh air, and fruits.
What Trees in Australia Have Invasive Roots?
Not all trees are desirable to plant in your backyard. In fact, you should avoid planting trees which can cause problems, such as those with invasive roots. To give you an idea which tree species in Australia have aggressive roots, we have listed a few of them below.
Camphor Laurel is one of the highly invasive tree species in Australia. Although it’s a lovely shade tree, you would not want this in your backyard because it can self-fertilise and grow like a weed. On top of that, Camphor Laurel also has invasive roots that are notorious for damaging sewerage pipes.
The roots of Poplar trees can spread up to 3x the height of the tree, and they can even surface. The reason behind this aggressiveness is thirst; Poplar roots grow extensively in search of water. However, this can destroy drainage systems, pavements, and foundations.
Golden Robinia is also not an ideal tree to plant for your yard, especially if you only have a small outdoor space. This tree is best planted in large gardens due to its invasive and fast-growing root system. Golden Robinia trees also have thorns and brittle branches which can be a safety hazard. Moreover, this tree grows rapidly that it requires frequent maintenance and pruning.
Pride of Bolivia
This gorgeous tree also has an extensive root system which, like Poplar, is because it’s searching for water. Thus, if you have leaking taps and pipes in your backyard, the Pride of Bolivia tree will poke into them and magnify the damage. Moreover, the aggressive root system of this tree can also impair your driveway, retaining wall, foundation, house, and other structures.
If you’re planning to plant Willow trees in your backyard, you have to know that this tree has invasive roots that can damage your properties such as water pipes, house foundations, and pavements. Furthermore, you might need to do frequent cleaning especially in the fall and spring as catkins and leaves shed off the tree.
What To Do If You Have Trees With Invasive Roots in Your Backyard
You’ve probably added trees in your yard in hope of adding value to your property and enhancing your home’s curb appeal. However, if you’ve planted the wrong trees, such as those with extensive root structures, you’ll get the opposite of what you want. Invasive roots can be extremely disastrous, so here are a few things that might help you deal with your tree problems.
Install root barriers
Prevent roots from spreading and invading structures that they might destroy.
Trim the aggressive roots
Contact an expert arborist to help you reduce the overgrown roots. Doing so on your own can harm or even kill the tree in danger. Make sure that after cutting, you nourish the tree and give it time to heal.
Remove the tree
Another option you could do if you have trees with invasive roots is to cut down the entire tree before it could even damage your property. If you need a tree removal expert, Trees Down Under has a team of certified arborists who can handle the tree removal job for you.
Although the above-mentioned trees are charming to place in your backyard, you should resist the temptation. Trees with invasive roots may look discreet, but the roots underground can cause damages to pipelines, sidewalks, buildings, and other properties.
Hence, as much as possible, you should opt for trees with small root systems and avoid those with invasive ones. Besides, there are plenty of non-problematic trees you can choose from for your backyard garden. You can consult with our expert landscapers here at Trees Down Under to help you pick out trees, shrubs, grass, and plants for your outdoor space.
Feel free to contact us at 0475 463 597 for residential tree and garden services.
Tree felling is defined as the process of cutting down trees. But the job is more complicated than simply working your tools to cut and topple the tree over. Not to mention that tree felling is also deadly and dangerous. Between 2000 and 2016, the National Coronial Information Service has recorded more than 99 deaths due to tree felling and chainsaw use.
If you’re new or an amateur to tree felling, tackling the process without any preparation may lead to a disastrous outcome. Even tree fellers who are experienced in the job find tree felling challenging, with some even committing fatal errors. Thus, expert or not, planning before beginning to cut trees is a crucial step not only to establish a safe work area but also to ensure efficiency at work.
Tree Felling Preparation
Planning is at the core of tree felling preparation. It also allows you to ensure smooth flow, minimise mistakes, and anticipate possible problems. The following are some points you need to consider in preparation for your tree-felling project.
Estimate the Tree Height
Before getting a hold of any tool, you first need to gauge the height of the tree you want to cut. This is a crucial safety measure, especially if you’re working near obstacles such as trees, establishments, and power lines. This allows you to estimate the safety distance you need to establish in felling the tree.
Locate the Felling Direction
Determine where your tree will fall by assessing it and considering factors such as wind direction, leaning direction, and side of branch abundance. Falling trees have the force and strength that’s deadly and destructive, so you need to make sure that the space along the felling direction is clear from anything and anyone.
You also need to clear two paths 45 degrees opposite the felling direction for your escape route. You will have to place your tools and equipment on the opposite side of the felling direction.
Clear Branches Around the Base and Trunk
Prune the branches and twigs on the base of your tree using an axe. This enables you to work with the felling cut without any hindrances. To increase safety, we recommend that you use a pulling chain and work from top to bottom.
Check for Diseases
Timber discolouration, brittleness and softness indicate that your tree is infested with diseases. If you have such a tree, you must be extremely cautious in felling it. It’s best if you cut the tree according to its natural felling direction and at a higher elevation so that it leaves a taller stump. Rot in trees declines as you go higher up the tree.
Determine the Right Tool and Cutting Technique
After clearing unwanted branches around the trunk, you can now begin cutting the tree. To identify the best tool and cutting technique to use, assess first the size and lead of your tree.
- For small trees, you can use an axe to cut from both sides of the trunk.
- For slightly larger trees, you’ll need an axe and a bow saw to make the undercut and the horizontal back cut, respectively.
- For medium-sized and large trees, it is ideal that you use an axe for the undercut and a cross-cut saw for the horizontal back cut. This process creates a hinge that will guide the tree into your desired felling direction. Wedging is also a necessary step in tree felling large trees.
Preparing for the tree felling job is a necessary step to ensure safety and efficiency while working. Even foresters and professional tree fellers still plan ahead and prepare for anything that might happen. That’s because every tree and situation is different and some tree requires special handling and skills to cut them correctly.
Small trees are easy to fell. However, cutting medium-sized and large trees requires more advanced skills and expertise. For safety reasons, it is not advisable for beginners to fell such trees. You will need a reliable company to do your tree felling needs fast and safely.
Trees Down Under is exactly the company that you’re looking for. We have an expert team of certified arborists and tree fellers to remove your tree safely and efficiently. When you book with us, we will immediately prepare for the job and plan a systematic flow. Aside from having the right tools, equipment and protective equipment, our team also has the experience and accuracy that tree felling jobs require.
Nowadays, many garden enthusiasts invest in trees to enhance the overall appearance of their lawn. When installed in a row and maintained properly, they can act as hedging trees for the protection and privacy of one’s property.
But there are instances when trees pose a risk in your garden space and the community. It can cause accidents and injuries when branches fall off, or the tree itself collapses. If you choose to avoid these threats, tree felling is the perfect solution. But, when is the best time for tree felling, you ask? Trees Down Under is here to give you the right answers.
When Trees are No Longer Functional
Since dead trees don’t replenish nutrients or moisture from roots, its branches become brittle and susceptible to breakage. Dead trees are dangerous, especially if branches unexpectedly fall on roofs. Moreover, as the owner, it would be your responsibility when someone becomes a victim of accidents involving falling branches or trees located in your property.
Furthermore, why keep dead trees when they are no longer functional? Trees with no foliage and flowers are unattractive to look at, and they can become a liability in the future. You can maximise their space for other plants or decorations to make your garden more visually appealing.
Signs of an Unhealthy and Dangerous Tree
If trees are more than 50% unhealthy, it is the best solution to remove them. You can look for these signs:
- Hints of tree infections such as crown dieback, discoloured leaves, soft crumbly wood, and fungi
- Large and dead branches in trees’ crown
- Root defects such as growing fungi and heaving soil
- Hollowed or rotted tree by at least one-third of its size
- Leaning trees
- Sprouts at the base of the tree
It is best to consult with expert arborists to know if your tree needs removal or disease/pest prevention.
Before a Storm
According to a study, the critical wind speed, where a tree trunk breaks, is at 145km/hr – regardless of its size or species type. So here in Australia, a category two storm or higher is enough to knock down trees and cause harm to the communities within its radius.
Before they can claim lives and damage properties, it is best to remove trees, especially those that are not sturdy enough and reach towering height. However, distinguishing them can be quite challenging. Luckily, garden service companies like Trees Down Under offer consultation regarding different tree issues and other lawn problems. They also provide quick tree removal to prevent harm in the community as much as possible when a storm is coming.
In winter, deciduous trees fall asleep and rest, which is also known as their dormant season. They lose their leaves and prepare for the spring. Since they are leafless and relatively lighter, it is the best time to fell trees. Their lack of foliage helps arborists cut them carefully and clear the area faster.
Moreover, a healthy tree can grow its leaves back and bloom after dormancy, but an unhealthy one poses a greater risk. Decaying branches are prone to fall since they need to carry the weight of the accumulated snow, but their link is also weakening.
Furthermore, garden service providers offer cheaper rates during winter as demand for tree and plant works decline. Also, it is easier to cut trees and their branches as the snow can catch fallen parts effortlessly.
Trees provide aesthetic and privacy to one’s garden. But they can also become a hazard that needs to be taken care of immediately. The best time to conduct tree felling is the moment you feel that your trees are no longer of use, before a storm, or during its dormant season. But, remember that it is not a DIY project. Fortunately, Trees Down Under is here to help you!
Our expert arborists are professional tree fellers who have trained and studied for years to bring top-rate and efficient services. We understand that tree felling procedures are not easy. That’s why we always equip our team with the right tools and protective gears to ensure that your garden would be damage-free after the job.
Aside from tree felling, we also offer different garden and tree services, customised according to your needs. Don’t worry about the rates, since even if it is not the dormant season, we offer affordable prices and discounts to our regular clients.
Trees Down Under is your best choice for your tree felling needs! Contact us now at 0475 463 597 or send us your enquiries via email.
It is common knowledge that trees are raw materials for paper and furniture making. But did you know that about 15.3 billion trees are chopped down every year for our benefit? Aside from making products, trees can also boost the aesthetic appeal of gardens and provide security to properties – also known as hedge trees. Thus, more and more people are investing in trees for their backyard.
Even though you consider gardening as a past-time hobby, it still poses a severe risk when tree felling is involved. Tree felling is the process of knocking down or cutting trees for the benefit of the community. Especially before a severe storm, you need to remove your garden trees to prevent possible damages to houses and nearby infrastructures.
However, it is not as easy as it sounds. Each year, more than 150 workers suffer from injuries involving tree work. Thus, fellers should not take the job lightly. So that you can further understand how dangerous tree feeling can be, here are some potential accidents that can happen.
Damage to Community and Properties
When fellers don’t know the right process and techniques in tree felling, properties and lives are at stake. Trees are large and heavy enough to damage roofs and break concrete walls. So, anyone within their perimeter is at risk of crush injuries or in the worst-case scenario, death.
Moreover, fallen trees are not easy to remove. Without immediate removal, it can cause traffic delays and trip hazards. Furthermore, local council pickups don’t take garden wastes that are heavier than 100kg. Luckily, Trees Down Under offers quick and same-day tree removal to avoid these unnecessary inconveniences.
Fall from Height
One of the techniques in tree felling is by cutting parts by parts. However, as branches are quite up high, ladders are necessary to reach them. The risk of falling branches while balancing with heavy equipment creates a significant potential for workers to fall.
Make sure that when asking for assistance from arborists, they are knowledgeable enough to conduct safe tree services, and they have insurance when accidents happen.
Dangers Caused by Machinery and Tools
Chainsaws, shredders, and other cutting tools pose a danger to the health and safety of the fellers. Machinery designed to penetrate thick tree trunks can easily do the same with human bodies. They can cut skins deeply or an entire body part when safety measures are ignored.
Under the Work Health and Safety Regulations, anyone who will conduct tree work, including tree felling, must comply with the Guide on Managing Risks of Tree Trimming and Removal Work.
Working around power lines during tree felling is dangerous as it can cause electric shock. Without proper planning and execution, falling trees can hit electric poles or wires, and cause electrocution. The shock itself can be life-threatening, but it could also cause a feller to fall from height. Thus, electrical safety is always essential, especially if involved with metal tools such as chainsaws and shredders.
Bee or Wasp Stings
Aside from causing extreme injuries, tree felling can also negatively affect one’s health and well-being. For example, tree houses bee nests, which if disturbed, can lead to sting attacks. While some might find them just as painful, some people react worse and cause anaphylaxis allergy. It can cause severe swelling of the face, breathing difficulties, dizziness, vomiting, or loss of consciousness.
When opting to plant trees in your backyard, you need to know their potential risks, not only for your safety but for the community as well. Furthermore, there will be a time when you need to remove trees to avoid possible hazards. Tree felling can be dangerous. It can damage properties and the community, prompt injuries and shock due to fall, machinery, tools, and bee stings. That’s why fellers should know the right and safe procedures to prevent accidents from happening.
Here at Trees Down Under, we know how dangerous tree felling can be. So, we have developed a safe and excellent tree felling service tailored according to your needs. You don’t need to worry about accidents since we make sure to dispatch the most skilled and trained arborists here in Sydney.
We have the right tools and equipment to bring you premium and quality services. Since 2005, we have established our name and serviced thousands of clients who need us for their residential, commercial, and industrial gardens.
So, for the best tree felling service in Sydney, contact us at 0475 463 597 or send us your enquiries via email.
Most garden owners choose to plant trees to enhance the beauty of their garden space. Trees can bloom attractive and colourful foliage and flowers that could make passersby in awe. Furthermore, they can act as a boundary mark and security for your place – also known as hedge trees.
However, there are times when trees are potential threats to the safety of your property and the neighbourhood. They are prone to fall when heavy winds and storms come or when vehicular accidents happen. That is why tree felling is crucial to avoid injuries and damage to properties as much as possible.
What is Tree Felling?
Tree felling is the method of removing or cutting trees through its base trunk for creating products or preventing accidents in the community. Note that it is not a DIY task and requires professional arborists for a safe procedure. Moreover, the factors to consider are landing area, wind direction, species type, leaning position, terrain, and local laws and regulations.
In NSW, at least 150 workers suffer due to tree work every year. So, careful planning and execution are essential to do the job explicitly and without faults. Today, Trees Down Under is here to teach advanced tree felling techniques used by pros to avoid improper cutting and accidents from happening.
Traditional Method of Tree Felling
Before learning advanced tricks, it is vital to grasp the basic knowledge of tree felling. The traditional method involves a notch and a back cut on opposite sides. The angled chop, which is the notch, is the direction where the tree would fall. Meanwhile, the back cut eases the stress on the back part of the tree during felling.
The traditional method requires fellers to cut in the bottom portion of the trunk. While some might be comfortable with this procedure as it is the practice for many years, it could lead to the so-called barber chair. It means that before the fellers cut the hinge thin enough for the tree to bend, it divides vertically. That would mean, the direction of fall would not be controlled and may soon cause accidents.
Advanced Tree Felling Techniques
In tree felling procedure, we don’t want to cause injuries to anyone. That’s why it is essential to know the right techniques. However, depending on the circumstance and environment, fellers need to know some advanced tree felling techniques. Here are some of them:
One way to prevent the barber chair is through a bore cut. It uses a chainsaw to penetrate a cut through the centre of the trunk at right angles. In this way, the back part of the trunk would be more intact to hold the tree upright.
Just a friendly reminder in using a bore cut, lead the saw with the bottom of the bar tip instead of the top. Then, when the bar tip is covered by wood, rotate the saw and plunge it through the tree.
Tree driving is like hitting two birds with one stone. It involves knocking down one tree to take down another. Both trees require partial cuts, or the second tree could have fallen and caught up in branches.
The driving tree should be tall and heavy enough to take down the second tree. Also, it should ideally have a natural lean to make the other trees fall, suitably. But, note that fellers should take extra precaution and planning as it involves felling several trees.
After a standard notch and back cut, felling aids help trees to fall carefully and securely. Metal breaking bars can slip into the back cut and help fellers leverage the tree in its direction of fall. Furthermore, wedges, also placed in the back cut, can hold the tree and stop it from sitting back. Lastly, a sledgehammer can knock down a tree in its right direction, safely.
In cases of residential or commercial properties, professionals fell a tree piece by piece. After they secure the largest portion of the tree with a crane, they begin cutting branches and trunks. In this way, they can avoid damages to properties and the risk of hitting passersby.
Back pulling uses a winch system to pull a tree against its natural lean. In this way, dropping trees can avoid buildings and power lines. Moreover, it positions the tree better for the felling procedure. Professionals set the winch up as high as possible to control better the direction of the fall.
Tree felling is the process of knocking and cutting down trees. Note that it is not as easy as it seems. Careful planning and the right methods are essential to do the job without accidents and damages to properties. But basic knowledge is not enough. Pros should practice advanced tree felling techniques for a more efficient and safe manner of handling tree removal.
Here at Trees Down Under, we are your one call away friend for advanced tree felling procedures. Our team of professional arborists and fellers have years of experience to bring quality and top-notch tree services.
We understand the hazards of tree felling. So, we make sure to do the job following the standard procedure and local regulations of the council. Moreover, we gear ourselves with the right tools and equipment to ensure the safety of the workers.
Expect us to deliver top-rate and affordable tree felling services. Contact us now at 0475 463 597, or send us your enquiries via email.
Trees provide balance in the ecosystem. They give off oxygen for humans and animals, and they absorb carbon dioxide, which is a harmful component of greenhouse gases. Did you know that a single tree can provide a day’s supply of oxygen for four people? As they bring fresh air and help clear pollutants, many garden owners are investing in planting them.
However, along with their benefits, there are safety precautions needed. Trees can become fall hazards when car accidents happen, or heavy winds and storms approach. So, removing them might save lives and properties.
But it is not an easy job. Each year, more than 150 people encounter injuries while conducting tree work. That’s why arborists need proper techniques and equipment. To prevent accidents, Trees Down Under is here to present six special tree wedging cuts for difficult trees.
- Hinge Cutting With a Wedge
Standard tree felling procedure involves making a notch and a back cut. Their ends meet near a hinge, which results in a falling tree in the notch direction. However in hinge cutting aided by a wedge, fellers tip them over with a back cut only, and the trunk remains attached to the stump.
Most foresters use this technique to create habitat and food for deers. The tree can live for years if they leave a requisite amount of wood meat, which is a perfect place for deers to settle.
- Wedging Trees With a Back Lean
It is easier to fell a tree in its leaning direction. But if the position or surrounding does not allow it for safety reasons, then felling in the opposite direction is the right solution. With wedges and shims as tools to lift the trunk off the stump, one can fell a tree to an intended location. Here are the steps to follow:
- Cut a notch out of the backside trunk of the tree where it leans forward.
- Cut discs about 1.2cm in thickness from hardwood branches for the shims.
- Use two wedges side by side and hammer one to avoid a gap between it and the trunk of the tree.
- Put a shim in the space until it is tight.
- Drive the shim in by pounding the wedge.
- In case the wedge comes loose before the tree falls, add a bigger shim in until the tree drops.
- Quarter-Cut Back-Cut
Professional arborists or fellers use the quarter-cut back-cut technique in dealing with trees that have an exceedingly large diameter. It involves making the back cut in two movements. Here is a detailed step-by-step guide:
- From the back of the tree, chop the first quarter cut towards the hinge wood.
- After reaching the desired hinge wood width, slightly bore a saw to ensure an even hinge.
- Complete the second quarter cut from the other side of the tree until reaching the desired hinge wood width.
- Make sure that both cuts overlap.
- Insert a wedge on the first quarter cut to keep it open while cutting the second one.
- Chop the final back cut, which is the safe side of the tree and away from the lean.
- Split Level Back Cut
For leaning back trees with small diameters, split level back cut is ideal. Its procedure is the same as quarter-cut back-cut except that the final cut angles below and overlaps the first cut slightly.
Setting up the wedge in the first cut helps in positioning the felling direction. Meanwhile, sloping the second cut minimises the risk of hitting the wedge with a saw. Then, it makes an even back cut on both sides of the tree.
- Heavy Forward Leaners
Heavy forward learners are trees that significantly angled more than usual. They are difficult to fell since barber chair – which vertically divides trees before they fall – would likely occur. To deal with this kind of tree, here are the steps to follow:
- Make a shallow notch that is about a third of the diameter.
- Hold the saw bar horizontal to the plane of the notch and slightly above.
- Create a hinge and sufficient holding wood with a bore cut.
- Make another bore cut on the other side of the tree.
- Ensure that the two bore cuts meet, leaving a strap of holding wood.
- Cut the back strap with a bore cut horizontally at 2.5cm to 5cm below.
- Tree Felling of Medium-Sized Trees
Medium-sized trees also need care in terms of tree felling. In the case where the saw penetrates through the tree, the conventional method is enough. But adding wedges ensures more precise and accurate results. Here is a step-by-step guide:
- Cut a standard notch on the side where the tree would fall.
- From the back of the tree, create a back cut up to the hinge wood.
- When the saw penetrated the trunk enough, insert one or two wedges into the back cut.
- Continue the back cut to drive the wedges in more.
- After reaching the hinge wood, stop the saw and drive the wedge until the tree begins to fall.
Tree felling is not as easy as it sounds. It requires professional knowledge and tools for a safe and accident-free finish. Moreover, some difficult trees need more care than usual. With the presented six special tree wedging cuts, fellers should use them for a more efficient and secure tree felling procedure.
Here at Trees Down Under, we understand the need for a safe and hassle-free tree removal. Our team of professional fellers and arborists trained special techniques in tree felling to give you top-rate and excellent services.
So, if you encounter any tree and garden concerns, don’t hesitate to call us. At the earliest time possible, our friendly staff will be at your place, equipped with the right tools and machinery.
We provide garden solutions to residential, commercial, and industrial establishments. Contact us at 0475 463 597, or send your enquiries via email.
Trees are a wonderful creation. They provide us with fruits, shade, and fresh air. Other animals also benefit from trees because trees provide them with shelter and food. Despite the numerous benefits that trees offer, sometimes, we have to get rid of them when they are invasive or become a weed.
Unknown to many people, tree felling is not the only way to kill trees. Another unsung practice of killing trees goes by the name ring barking.
What is Ring Barking?
Ring barking or girdling is the process of completely stripping off a part of the bark of a tree around the circumference of the main trunk or branches. The bark is the outermost portion of the tree which includes the cork, phloem, and cambium. Removing these tissues can significantly impact the function and health of the ring-barked tree.
Originally, people used ring barking as a way to control the tree population and thin forests without felling the tree. In simpler terms, ring barking kills trees. The portion above the ringbark dies if the tree does not recover from the wound. It also compromises the immunity of the tree and places it under stress. Moreover, phloem disruption also alters the food and nutrient appropriation of the tree.
Benefits of Ring Barking
Safe way to Kill Trees
Killing a tree is sometimes necessary, especially if it has become a weed or if it’s an invasive species. Girdling is a safe and easy way to kill trees because you don’t have to cut down the tree. Felling a tree is much more dangerous and laborious than cutting a portion of the bark of a tree. With ring barking, you don’t have to deal with all the weight of the tree and you also don’t have to worry about tree disposal because you won’t have anything to dispose of.
Produce more and larger fruits
Ring barking is a useful technique in horticulture. The damage to phloem caused by girdling stimulates flower development. Moreover, it makes food and energy produced in the leaves impossible to reach the roots. So, the tree needs to redirect these sugars and carbohydrates to other parts and these other parts are fruits. As a result, fruits grow more in number and in size than normal.
Control the size of the tree
Ring barking your tree is also helpful when you want to prevent your tree from overgrowing. Removing the bark of your tree around the circumference can control the growth of your tree so that you would need less pruning in the future.
How to Ring Bark a Tree
Ring barking is an easy process of killing trees. You only need a few tools to get the job done. Make sure to put on some gloves and eye goggles for safety purposes. Below are the steps on how to perform proper ring barking
Step 1: Mark areas to cut
Find the part of the trunk where you want to remove the bark, preferably below the lowest set of branches. Mark two points that are at least 3 inches apart where you will cut the bark around the circumference of the trunk.
Step 2: Start stripping the bark
Once you have marked the areas where to cut, use an axe or a chainsaw to work your way around the tree. Cut parallel grooves around the tree and then strip the bark in between these lines. Start with the outer bark and then the inner.
The extent of ring barking a tree depends on your intent. If you want to kill the tree, you should remove the bark deep enough so that the tree does not heal and recover. On the other hand, if you just want to control the size of the tree or increase its fruit production, you should be more careful. Strip around 1 to 1 and a half inches deep into the bark of the tree using a chisel or axe.
Dangers of Ring Barking
Ring barking kills trees. Even if it doesn’t, it still leaves trees susceptible to diseases and pest infestation. Girdling weakens the immune system of trees and places it under stress. That’s why you need to be careful when performing ring barking, especially when you do not intend to kill the tree.
You should also be mindful of the structural integrity of the tree. Removing the bark too deep may cause the tree to fall if there are extreme weather conditions like strong winds, earthquakes, heavy rains and snow.
Trees Down Under can help you ring bark a tree correctly. We have a team of licensed and dedicated arborists who can finish the job safely and efficiently. For all sorts of tree services in Sydney, just give us a call at 0475 463 597, and we’ll respond quickly. We are around Sydney to provide solutions for your tree and garden needs.
The common brushtail possum is perhaps the most familiar marsupial in Australia. They can adapt to various kinds of environment, that's why they hang around the urban areas and busy cities of Australia. While the high adaptability of possums may be amusing, it’s actually alarming especially to a lot of homeowners. Possums may be small and adorable, but they can be pesky and cause considerable damage to houses and gardens.
Importance of Possum-proofing your Garden
Possums are folivores. They feed on the leaves, flowers, buds, fruits that are abundantly present in your garden. These creatures can overgraze and damage the plants and trees in your yard, especially at night when these nocturnal animals are awake.
Possums may also find their way into your home and dwell in the ceilings and recesses of your house. When they do so, their occasional stomps and noises may bother you. You’ll also find it frustrating to find your ceiling wreaking the smell of possum urine and faeces.
If you don’t want to have more problems caused by these creatures, you need to stop them before they get into your house. That’s why you need to possum-proof your garden to hit two birds with one stone. Possum-proofing your garden can save your trees and plants and, at the same time, prevent possums from accessing your home.
How to Possum-Proof Your Garden
The Australian government considers possums as a protected animal. Thus, under the National Parks and Wildlife Act, you cannot harm or trap possums. The only option you have left is to protect your garden from these grazers by deterring them. Here’s our take on how to make your garden possum-proof:
Install possum banding for your trees
A possum band is a sheet of polycarbonate or colour bond that you wrap around the main stem or branches of trees. This band makes climbing impossible for possums because it is slippery and possums won’t have anything to cling on. This can also deter other animals that may graze on the foliage, fruits, and flowers of your trees.
Deter possums with an unpleasant smell
Possums use their sense of smell to find food. That’s how they find their way into your garden. To prevent them from feasting on the leaves and fruits in your yard, try rubbing menthol and placing mothballs in the perimeter of your garden or in tree branches and trunks. Possums find the scent of these items appalling such that they wouldn’t attempt to enter your premises anymore.
Fence as Defences
You can keep your garden safe from possums by securing it with a fence or barrier. Make this structure impervious to possum access by depriving them with anything to grip on. You can add a rolling tube or a floppy wire at the top so that possums fall when they try to climb on the fence.
Prune trees to reduce possum access
Fencing your area would go to waste if you provide another route for possums to access your garden. Thus, you need to cut the branches of your trees that are near or connected to neighbouring structures such as trees, buildings, and fences since possums can use these branches to enter your yard.
Install individual plant barriers
If in case possums breached the barriers around your garden, you need to have a second line of defence in the form of plant covers. Try installing a wire cage around fruit trees and shrubs so that possums can’t go near them. This structure can also prevent other animals such as birds and cats from feeding on the fruits and flowers of your plants.
Garden and Tree Solutions in Sydney
Possums can cause significant damage to your plants and trees. If you don’t take measures to prevent them, they will graze on the foliage, fruits and flowers in your yard. Before you know it, your trees and plants have already lost most of their leaves, fruits, and flowers due to possum attack.
Trees Down Under is here to provide solutions for your possum problems. We can install possum-proofing structures like possum band and fences to keep your trees and plants protected from these grazing creatures. We also offer quality tree pruning services to limit the access of possums.
Our workers here are reliable, friendly, and dedicated. If you need any possum-proofing assistance, don’t hesitate to call us at 0475 463 597. We’re just around Sydney, so we’re at your service anytime.